Migrate to Canada

Express entry is the fastest way to enter Canada. It is used to manage PR applications for three economic class immigration programs:

• Federal Skilled Worker Program
• Federal Skilled Trades Program
• Canadian Experience Class

It follows a point-based grading system – including language, education, work experience, age, job offer, and adaptability. Applicants receive the points based on a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM

It is mainly for those candidates who want to live in a particular province or territory. They must have skills, education, and work experience to contribute to the economy of a specific province or territory. Provinces have their own immigration programs that target certain groups also known as “streams”. Like a particular province may target students, business people or skilled workers.

FAMILY SPONSORSHIP

Under this, an individual can sponsor his/her family if they are at least 18 years old and a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act.

Following are the family members who are eligible

• Spouse, partner, or dependent children
• Parents and grandparents
• Adopted child
• Relatives (With certain conditions)

Start Up Visa PROGRAM

It is for those immigrants who are starting a business in Canada. One can come under this visa on a work permit and apply for a PR visa later, but the work permit must be supported by Canada-based investors.

Eligibility

• One must have a qualifying business
• Commitment Certificate and Letter of Support from a designated entity showing that business has support
• Proficiency in language (English or French)
• Sufficient fund.

EXPRESS ENTRY – HOW IT WORKS

Before applying for Express Entry you will need to qualify by obtaining 67 or more points on a 100 point scale system.
There is a selection factor that asseses and assigns applicants interested in Express Entry an overall score out of 100.
If you score over 67 points you may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program
If you score lower than 67 points you will not qualify for the program.

• Language Skills (28 points)
It’s very important to be able to communicate in 1 or both of Canada’s official languages. Knowing English, French or both helps you in the Canadian job market.

• Education (25 points)
If you went to school in Canada, you must have a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian school.

• Work Experience (15 points)
You can get points for the number of years you’ve spent doing full-time paid work (at least 30 hours per week, or an equal amount of part-time [15 hours per week for 24 months]) at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the National Occupational Classification.

• Age (12 points)
You’ll get points based on your age on the day we get your application.

• Arranged Employment in Canada (10 points)
You can get points if you have a job offer of at least 1 year from a Canadian employer. You must get the job offer before you apply to come to Canada as a Federal Skilled Worker.

• Adaptability (10 points)
You and your spouse or common-law partner who will immigrate with you to Canada can earn points for adaptability. You and your spouse can earn a maximum of 10 points by combining any of the elements below. These elements assess how well you and your spouse are likely to settle in Canada.

Receiving an invitation to Apply

After you have successfully filled out an Express Entry Form to be eligible in an Express Entry pool, foreigners will wait to receive an ITA. Each draw whether it is through a PNP or Express Entry will have a minimum CRS score and those with a ranking CRS score higher than the published one, will receive an invitation. Once one has received an ITA, there is a 60 day period where you must apply and submit all the required supporting documents to become a permanent resident. There are documents and following steps after receiving an invitation to apply including a chance to deny the ITA.

Federal Skilled Worker Program

Work experience must be a year of full-time or equivalent part-time paid work in the same job within the last 10 years, and the job must be of skill type 0 or skill levels A or B of the 2011 National Occupational Classification. The language requirements include proof of Canadian Language Benchmark 7 in the form of CIC-approved language test results from within the last two years.

Federal Skilled Trades Program

Work experience must include at least two years of full-time work experience (or equivalent part-time work experience) within the last five years in a skilled trade. Applicants must also show that they have experience performing the duties for an eligible skilled trade outlined by the National Occupation Classification (NOC) in Major Group 72, 72, 82, or 92, or Minor Group 632 or 633.

Canada Experience Class

Minimum work experience is 12 months of skilled work experience (or equivalent part-time) in Canada, with the proper authorisation, within the three years prior to applying for CEC. This work must fit the requirements of the National Occupation Classification for one of the following: managerial jobs (NOC skill level 0), professional jobs (NOC skill type A), or technical jobs and skilled trades (NOC skill type B). The applicant must also be able to demonstrate that their work experience includes having fulfilled the duties detailed by the NOC.

What are Provincial Nominee Programs?

PNP Canada programs allow Canadian provinces to nominate individuals for immigration to their province based on criteria set by the provincial government. Successful applicants obtain a provincial nomination, which may then be used to apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for permanent residence.
What Canadian Provinces Offer PNPs?

Currently, there are eleven territories that are participating in the program. Criteria and eligibilities vary depending on the place of nomination.

Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)
Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NSPNP)
Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
Quebec Skilled Workers Program (QSWP)
Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
What is the Comprehensive Ranking System?

In order to rank immigration candidates, the Canadian government developed a merit-based points system that assigns a score to each candidate in the Express Entry pool. This points system is called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), and the score assigned to each candidate is called the CRS score. Express Entry manages three programs:

• Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
• Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
• Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Any person who submits a profile to the Express Entry pool of candidates is assigned a CRS score out of 1200 points. Approximately every two weeks, the Canadian government conducts an Express Entry draw, where they issue a round of Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence to the highest-ranking candidates. Note that IRCC does not disclose information regarding the date of the draw, the number of ITAs that will be issued, or the minimum required CRS score in advance of each draw.

How can I increase my CRS score?

There are many ways an applicant can increase their CRS score once in the Express Entry pool. CRS points are largely tied to the applicant’s language ability, education, work experience, and age. Additional points can also be claimed for having a sibling in Canada, speaking French at a high level, receiving a job offer in the country, or securing a nomination from a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).

Securing additional points from one of these factors can substantially increase one’s chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) in one of Canada’s upcoming Express Entry draws.

How can a Provincial Nominee Program increase my CRS score?

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) provide pathways to permanent residency for candidates with low CRS scores in the Express Entry pool. Receiving a nomination from a province could result in an additional 600 points toward one’s CRS score, essentially guaranteeing an invitation to apply for permanent residence (ITA).

Each province sets their own criteria for nominee programs; while many require some type of connection to the province to be eligible to apply, others look for candidates that fill labour market or demographic gaps. Candidates invited under a PNP are expected to settle in the province they are nominated under.

A. Core / Human Capital Factors

FactorsPoints
 With a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Age100110
Level of education140150
Official languages proficiency150160
Canadian work experience7080
Maximum460500
B. Spouse or common-law partner factors
FactorsPoints
Level of education10
Official language proficiency20
Canadian Work Experience10
Maximum40
A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors = Maximum 500 points (with OR without a spouse or common-law partner)
C. Skill transferability factors (maximum 100 points)
FactorPoints
Education
With good/strong official languages proficiency and a post-secondary degree50
With Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree50
Maximum50
Foreign work experience
With good/strong official languages proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark [CLB] level 7 or higher) and foreign work experience50
With Canadian work experience and foreign work experience50
Maximum50
Certificate of qualification (for people in trade occupations)
With good/strong official languages proficiency and a certificate of qualification50
Maximum50
Maximum100
A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Transferability factors = Maximum 600 points
D. Additional points (maximum 600 points)
FactorPoints
Brother or sister living in Canada (citizen or permanent resident)15
French language skills50
Post-secondary education in Canada30
Arranged employment200
PN nomination600
Maximum600
A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors + C. Transferability factors + D. Additional points = Grand total – Maximum 1,200 points
Points breakdown, section by section
A – Core / human capital factors
  • With a spouse or common-law partner: Maximum 460 points total for all factors.
  • Without a spouse or common-law partner: Maximum 500 points total for all factors.
Age Factors
AgeWith a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
17 years of age or less00
18 years of age9099
19 years of age95105
20 to 29 years of age100110
30 years of age95105
31 years of age9099
32 years of age8594
33 years of age8088
34 years of age7583
35 years of age7077
36 years of age6572
37 years of age6066
38 years of age5561
39 years of age5055
40 years of age4550
41 years of age3539
42 years of age2528
43 years of age1517
44 years of age56
45 years of age or more00
Maximum100110
Education Factors
Level of EducationWith a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Less than secondary school (high school)00
A secondary diploma (high school graduation)2830
One-year degree, diploma or certificate from a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute8490
The two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or another institute9198
Bachelor’s degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute112120
Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years119128
Master’s degree, OR professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree,” the degree program must have been in medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.)126135
Doctoral level university degree (Ph.D.)140150
Maximum140150
First Official Language Factors
Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per abilityWith a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
*Points are awarded for each language ability
Less than CLB 400
CLB 4 or 566
CLB 689
CLB 71617
CLB 82223
CLB 92931
CLB 10 or more3234
Maximum128136
Second Official Language Factors
Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per abilityWith a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
*Points are awarded for each language ability
CLB 4 or less00
CLB 5 or 611
CLB 7 or 833
CLB 9 or more66
Maximum2224
Canadian Work Experience Factors
Canadian work experienceWith a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
None or less than a year00
1 year3540
2 years4653
3 years5664
4 years6372
5 years or more7080
Maximum7080
Subtotal: A – Core / human capital factors
  • With a spouse or common-law partner – Maximum 460 points
  • Without a spouse or common-law partner – Maximum 500 points
B – Spouse or common-law partner factors
Level of Education
Spouse’s or common-law partner’s level of educationWith spouse or common-law partnerWithout spouse or common-law partner
Less than secondary school (high school)0n/a
Secondary school (high school graduation)2n/a
One-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or another institute6n/a
The two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical in school, or another institute7n/a
Bachelor’s degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute8n/a
Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years9n/a
Master’s degree, or professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree”, the degree program must have been in: medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.)10n/a
Doctoral level university degree (PhD)10n/a
Maximum10Does Not Apply
Spouse or common-law partner’s official language abilities
Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability (reading, writing, speaking and listening)With spouse or common-law PartnerWithout spouse or common-law partner
*Points are awarded for each language ability
CLB 4 or less0n/a
CLB 5 or 61n/a
CLB 7 or 83n/a
CLB 9 or more5n/a
Maximum20Does Not Apply
Spouse or Common-Law Partner’s Canadian Work Experience
Spouse’s Canadian work experienceWith spouse or common-law partnerWithout spouse or common-law partner
None or less than a year0n/a
1 year5n/a
2 years7n/a
3 years8n/a
4 years9n/a
5 years or more10n/a
Maximum10Does Not Apply
Subtotal: A – Core / human capital + B – Spouse or common-law partner factors – Maximum 500 points